Oriental Fire-bellied Toad

The Oriental Fire-bellied Toad (Bombina orientalis) is a common pet species, and is also known as the 'Tuti Toad' and the Oriental Bell Toad. Usually darker than the European Fire-bellied Toad (Bombina bombina), this species is similar to other Bombina species but most others have a brownish-grey colour and are a lot less common.

 

HABITAT AND DISTRIBUTION

The Oriental Fire-bellied Toad can be found in Korea, and parts of China and Russia around wetlands, forests, valleys, swampy areas and rainforests (mainly anywhere near water).

 

DESCRIPTION

Adult frogs grow to a size of around 40mm. They are generally bright green (but can be grey to brown) on the dorsal side (back/top) with black-brown mottling, and mottled yellow, orange or red on the ventral side (underbelly). Similar to flamingos, the Fire-bellied toad gets its vivid colouration from the beta-carotene in the food it eats. The back is covered in tubercles (warty projections) which makes this species closer to a frog than a toad.

 

Oriental Fire-bellied Toad

DIET, BEHAVIOUR AND REPRODUCTION

The Oriental Fire-bellied Toad has an egg clutch size of 50 - 100, and can live in captivity for up to 15 years. Its vivid underbelly warns that it is toxic (although only mildly), and if threatened the firebelly will roll on its back to advertise its colourful belly. It secretes a milky substance from the skin near its hindlegs/belly. Its main diet is small insects and invertebrates.

 

OTHER NOTABLE INFORMATION

The individual here was photographed by the PawsForWildlife team in the Tropiquaria, Watchet, UK.

 

STATUS

The Fire-bellied Toad is listed by the IUCN as Least Concern